A Clinical Cytopathological of Lymphadenopathies in Malignant Lesions

International Journal of Research in Health Sciences,2018,6,2,16-20.
Published:April 2018
Type:Original Article
Author(s) affiliations:

1E Giri Kumar, 2Parameswari, 3SVR Rajasekhar

1Associate Professor, 2Professor and 3Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, GEMS Hospital, Ragolu.


Background: To study the primary and secondary lymph node malignancy on Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC). Material and Method: A retrospective and prospective study of lymphadenopathy cases on FNAC reported in the Department of Pathology at our institute from October 2015 to May 2016. Results: The total of 217 FNAC were done of enlarged lymph nodes. Metastases were seen in 70/217 cases (32.26 %), Primary lymphoid malignancies were seen in 10/217cases (4.61%). The non-neoplastic lesions were seen in 137/217 (63.13%) cases. The most common metastatic malignancy was squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) 42/70 cases (60%), followed by duct carcinoma 12/70 cases (17.14%), metastatic adenocarcinoma cases 10/70 (14.28%). The common site involved was cervical group of lymph node in 65/80 cases (81.25%) for lymph node malignancies. Conclusion: FNAC of lymphadenopathy is a useful method for diagnosing primary and secondary malignancies of lymph node. In our study most common age group affected by malignant lesions was 61-70 years with male predominance. The most common metastatic lesion observed was squamous cell carcinoma. The cervical group of lymph node was the common site for metastatic lesions.

Age and Sex wise distribution of primary malignant lesions in lymph node.