Potential Risks of Secondary Sideroblastik Anemia Due to the Lead Contaminated Fish Consumption from Youtefa Gulf in Jayapura, Papua

International Journal of Research in Health Sciences,2014,2,4,1209-1216.
Published:October 2014
Type:Original Article
Author(s) affiliations:

Hasmi1, Ridwan Amiruddin2, Andi Armyn Nurdin3, Anwar Daud

1-Postgraduate Program, Medical Faculty, Public Health Study Program, Hasanuddin University, Makassar INDONESIA.

2-Epidemiology Department, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, INDONESIA.

3-Medical Faculty, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, South Sulawesi, INDONESIA.

4-Environmental Health Department, Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, INDONESIA.


The impact of Plumbum (Pb) or lead pollution on aquatic biota can harm environmental humans health. Some research conducted in Youtefa Gulf, Jayapura found that Pb has been polluting the waters and living biota. This study aims to analyze the magnitude of health risk due to exposure to Pb and epidemiological study in how much risk of health problems caused by exposure to Pb. Type of study is observational epidemiological cross sectional analytic approach. Sampling was determined by purposive sampling. Protoporphyrin levels in the urine of 75 respondents found 19 samples (25.3%) that protoporphyrin levels> 30 mg / dl (Secondary sideroblastic anemia) and 56 samples (74.7%) were normal. The risk level of several variables with consecutive secondary sideroblastic anemia due to Pb toxicity was 95% CI = 0:54 (0:26 to 1:13) fish intake rate with risks level = 1.48 95% CI (1.26- 1.75), length of stay = 2 CI 95% (0.9-4.2), sex = 1.18 95% CI (0.52-2.4), age 95% CI 2:32 (1:19 to 4:53), the blood levels of Pb = 0:53 95% CI (0.41-0.73), respectively. Key words: Secondary sideroblastic anemia, Protoporphyrin, Plumbum Introduction Coastal

Analysis of risk between levels corpoporphyrin with secondary sideroblastic anemia among community in Youtefa Gulf, Papua, 2014