Study of 54 Cases of the Branchial Apparatus Anomalies: Our Experience with Review of Literature

International Journal of Research in Health Sciences,2014,2,2,462-465.
Published:April 2014
Type:Original Article
Author(s) affiliations:

Nilesh Chordia 1, Sharad Bhalekar 2, Haritosh Velankar 3, Akanksha A Saberwal 4 Adip shetty5

1P G Resident in ENT, Department of ENT. 2-&3Dr. D.Y. Patil Medical College & Research Centre, Navi Mumbai, INDIA.

2Associate Professor, 3Professor and Head. 4PG Resident in ENT, 5Assistant professor


Intricate knowledge of the embryology of the branchial cleft system is fundamental for successful management of branchial remnants. Branchial remnants can presents as sinus, cyst or fistula either unilateral or bilateral. There is no predilection for any side (right or left) and gender. The second branchial remnants are the most commonly seen anomaly followed by first, third and fourth. Computed tomography and fistulogram are helpful for anatomical location, relations and to narrow down differential diagnosis. Complete surgical excision is the treatment of choice to prevent recurrences.

Sinogram of a 5 year old male patient who had recurrent history of discharging