Socio-demographic Profile of New Sputum Smear Positive Tuberculosis Patients in Tuberculosis unit Khammam

International Journal of Research in Health Sciences,2014,2,2,427-432.
Published:April 2014
Type:Original Article
Author(s) affiliations:

Asha Arunkumar Pol 1, Sashidhar Bandaru 2

1Department of Community Medicine. 1- Associate Professor, Subbaiah Institute of Medical Science, Shimoga, Karnataka, INDIA.
2Assistant Professor, Mamata Medical College, Khammam, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA.



Background: Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The disease primarily affects lungs and causes pulmonary tuberculosis. Problem of tuberculosis is enormous and makes it a major public health problem in India. Under the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP), priority is given to the smearpositive cases. Every smear-positive person if left untreated has potential to infect 10-15 persons per year, thereby increasing the pool of infected persons. Materials and Methods: All the new sputum smear positive patients registered in Khammam TU during the second and third quarters of 2009 were enrolled as study subjects. A total of 413 patients were registered as per the inclusion criteria under six Designated Microscopic Centres (DMCs). Results: A total of 413 patients were enrolled in the present study and followed up prospectively for complete duration of their treatment. Out of them 77 (18.64%) were females and 336 (81.36%) were males. Of the total males in this study 0.59% was in the age group ≤ 14 years and 24.7% were in the age group of 35-44years. Of the total females in this study 1.3% was in the age group ≥65 years and 27.28% were in the age group of 15-24years. Conclusion: Present disease cure rate of 85.47% should be improved by ensuring 100% compliance to the treatment by continuous motivation and DOT providers need to be trained to motivate enrolled patients to go for regular periodic sputum follow up examination.

Distribution of registered New Sputum Smear Positive Tuberculosis patients