The study of additional food for children of elementary school program, based on local food (local food based school meals, LFBS) by facilitating local community in Kupang Regency 2014

Author : Carmen Siagian, Angkasa Sebayang, Adolfina Rosani, Bona Simanungkalit, Danielle Tahitoe, Luci Widasari

Background The program of recommending additional food for school children (PMT–AS) based on Local Food Based School Meals (LFBS) has been carried out since year 2011 by World Food Programme (WFP) to schools in Kupang regency. The program is intended for 7139 students and 656 teachers including parents (community participation) which is expected to be able to escalate students’ presence at school, to generate healthier students, and to expand more enthusiastic in following the classes where finally to be capable of increasing the achievement of the students themselves. Method The applied methodology is a qualitative study by collecting data through questionnaire and in-depth interview as well as through Focus Group Discussion (FGD) with the students, parents and teachers. On the other hand, it also applies Multistage Random Sampling to the elementary schools within Kupang regencies which received PMT–AS from the WFP. The data collecting is by filling up the forms of in-depth interview/FGD. The Conclusion: The carrying out of this study is to identify the program of additional food contribution for children of elementary school (PMT–AS) based on local food by facilitating the local community of Kupang regency and as well as to identify the benefit of PMT–AS, the quality and quantity of PMT–AS, the number of students’ presence at school after receiving PMT–AS program, and the episode of students’ illness after receiving PMT–AS program. Recommendation: the whole community especially parents and teachers are required to understand the benefit of PMT–AS. With the understanding to the program, the PMT–AS can become a self standing and continual program to be carried out by the community. The food of PMT-AS is expected to come from the agricultural product. It means that it is not allowed to come from industrial processed food nor the food from the city such as powdered milk, canned milk, paper bag milk, instant noodle, bread or cake made as industrial product. The content of nutrient of food should be based on quality aspect.

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