The analysis of factors affecting the use of VCT service for high-risk group infected with HIV/AIDS in Makassar
The number of cases of HIV-AIDS in Makassar has increased from year to year, but the utilization of VCT services, especially high-risk groups remains low. This study aims to analyze the factors affecting the utilization of VCT services in the high-risk group of contracting HIV-AIDS in Makassar. This research was conducted in Makassar. It applied a quantitative study with cross sectional study. The population was 3,855 people for four risk groups (Injection Druge User, Female Sex Worker, Transsexual and Man Sex with Man) and a sample of 133 people with a sampling technique stratified random sampling. The data was collected using a questionnaire interview. Data were analyzed using Chi-square test and multiple logistic regressions. The results showed the majority of respondents aged 21-30 at (66.2%), male sex (76.7%), unmarried status (58.6%), had high school/equivalent (72.9%) and worked as private employees (30.8%). The results of the analysis indicate that there is a correlation relationship between knowledge (p=0.035), perceived threat (p=0.010), perceived benefits (p=0.000), perceived barriers (p=0.000), family support (p=0.000) and support health workers (p=0.000) with VCT utilization. The analysis showed that there is an influence between knowledge (p=0.023), perceived threat (p=0.021), perceived benefits (p=0.000), perceived barriers (p=0.000), family support (p=0.000) and support health workers (p=0.000) on the utilization of VCT. The results of the analysis of the effects together indicate that the perceived benefits (p=0.000), perceived barriers (p=0.000), family support (p=0.013) and support health workers (p=0.010) effect on the utilization of VCT. The variables that most influence the utilization of VCT is perceived benefit (Exp B=15.546). In conclusion, the variables affect the Health Belief Model of VCT uptake.
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