4. Reproductive health profile and health seeking behavior among Muslim women of urban slum of Raichur, Karnataka
Design: The study was a cross sectional study. Objective: The study was conducted to find out the reproductive health profile of ever married muslim women of reproductive age (18-45years) and to find out their health seeking behavior. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted among ever-muslim married women of reproductive age group of urban slum area of Raichur. Data were collected by face-to-face interview using a structured questionnaire. Data was entered in a excel spreadsheet and analyzed by using SPSS software. Results: A total of 82 Muslim ever-married women were interviewed. Majority of the women were literate, 63(76.8%).Most of them 58 (70.7%) were house wives and majority 55 (67.1%) of women belonged to a nuclear family and 51 (62.2%) women had a per capita income per month of Rs. 200 to 1100.50(61.0%) of women had family size less than or equal to 5.44 (53.7%) were married at 16-19 years of age and 8 (9.8%) women married between 12-15 years of age which is below legal age of marriage. In this study, maximum total numbers of births were 3-4 and majority of women 34(41.5%) had a birth interval of 1 year and 19.5% women had no birth interval. Most of the women didnít use any spacing method till they completed family. Nearly 57(69.5%) of women reported having some kind of gynecological symptoms. Among all symptomatic women, 43.9% women did not seek care for their reproductive health problems as they considered their problems were not serious enough to seek care. Conclusion: Delaying marriage and delaying first pregnancy in adolescents will reduce the pregnancy and child bearing related complications and will help in improving their educational status and thereby improving scope for their empowerment. Reproductive health profile was worse among the women. Emphasis has to be laid on education on planning, spacing children, contraceptive options, safe abortions, RTI/STI. There is a preference for male child in the community. It is essential to promote a positive image of the girl child.
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