Case Report: Neonatal Mastitis a Rare Cause of Septicaemia

International Journal of Research in Health Sciences,2018,6,3,41-44.
Published:June 2018
Type:Case Study
Author(s) affiliations:

Harsha Jeswani, Smita Borale, Kunal Arora, Thahir Vu, Madan Manmohan

Department of Radiodiagnosis, Dr. DY Patil Hospital and Research Centre, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India


We report a case of a twenty day old girl infant who presented with an unilateral breast swelling and was admitted in the NICU for septicaemia. An ultrasound imaging of the breast was performed to rule out the possibility of a breast abscess but the imaging findings concluded the diagnosis of neonatal mastitis. We would like to emphasize based on our case experience that in paediatric cases even a small trivial localised infection can cause generalised potentially fatal complication of septicaemia which is alarming and ultrasound imaging plays a crucial role to prevent unnecessary invasive interventions and aids in prompt initiation of medical treatment.

On colour Doppler interrogation, the hypoechoic areas within the right breast shows mildly increased vascularity.